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[生活小百科] Early Blight and Septoria Leaf Spot on Tomato Plants

Early blight and Septoria leaf spot infections most commonly begin in the early or middle part of the growing season but TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。: c5 [1 J  }; H! l. h% M

( F& v; V$ s& WTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。can start at any time. Infections can occur anywhere and are most severe in wet and humid areas.
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  J, y, ^) E# O& D) ?6 M4 otvb now,tvbnow,bttvbHow to identify Early BlightTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。" u" X* c7 X0 v0 S  e- @% y& z! p
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Symptoms of early blight typically begin on the older, lower leaves of a tomato plant. Over time, infections spread upward to www.tvboxnow.com1 y. F* W, u3 Z: t4 s2 |" [

  ~7 r) v" c. i; i8 f/ awww.tvboxnow.comnewer growth. Early blight infections appear as spots that may start out circular or irregular in shape. Spots are dark brown
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in color and form concentric rings, or a
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. |: b3 H0 A& Q$ L+ `7 Gbullseye pattern
, as they grow. The area around the infection commonly turns yellow. As infections grow, 1 m) P/ v3 o9 c: u* C: F9 g0 C) m! p5 V

3 ~9 ^" B# Q7 q+ X/ W! z3 Dleaves may fall off. Extensive loss
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5 d5 V# h( v8 i% Z2 N: U/ g4 uTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。of foliage is common. Infections most commonly occur on leaves but can also appear on stems and fruit.7 Z4 f& \/ b: }1 i+ g' s" h6 R
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9 F3 b1 U" y$ A" z# \& O/ `9 l! |公仔箱論壇How to identify Septoria Leaf Spot
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Symptoms of Septoria leaf spot also start - R+ m" T* a. ~1 p- Z
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on the older, lower leaves of a tomato plant and spread upward to newer growth. The spots start out circular but change
8 g9 s( M5 |% a) \! [TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。
$ G7 B* X$ v2 P3 ftvb now,tvbnow,bttvbshape as they grow and can merge with other spots. Spots typically have a dark brown edge with a lighter gray or tan center. tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb5 P$ y$ y7 o: {# K6 }
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Small dark spots, the fruiting bodies of the fungusTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。2 d: t6 U. _- S
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, will appear in the gray or tan centers. As infections progress, leaves can turn yellow, then brown and finally dry tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb2 x% b# O* o' S; [8 y5 ?8 F0 I

5 S3 ]! Y' O' m( k4 R# E' d) Hwww.tvboxnow.comand dead. Stems can also become infected but , h6 {4 q, }& Y& ?! P
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infection of fruit
is rare.
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How to Prevent and Control Early Blight and
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Septoria Leaf Spot

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Follow the 12 easy steps below to enjoy a
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2 [  L1 \4 Z# B\" ]4 R+ HTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。long season
of sweet cherry tomatoes, colorful heirloom tomatoes and richly flavored sauce tomatoes.
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7 N4 J6 d* [2 N4 e, Kwww.tvboxnow.comWeed your garden. Some weeds, 3 j) |  w% t+ R' P
TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。$ m, b% v9 B8 r
like nightshade, can host early blight and Septoria leaf spot and spread them to your tomato plants.& r1 |8 g# f: g
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Rotate crop locations. Don’t 公仔箱論壇$ i. g& J7 e+ Y$ l5 I& b* G

6 h" f3 v* p8 y0 s) J( ?plant your tomatoes in the same place each year. Early blight and Septoria leaf spot can persist for multiple years in areas ( d" {5 t& }- u- v; p+ @% e

+ G( ~% S( |' O) Y2 _公仔箱論壇where tomatoes were grown.TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。' K/ J: e, Y' I% E. c9 w/ k) p

* u& B8 h1 t0 L3 G, T( ^tvb now,tvbnow,bttvbGive your tomato plants more space for better airflow. At least 2 feet of spacing, more is better.' H$ T7 m- s/ H: D3 ?3 t; h
Cover the ground beneath your tomato plants with mulch, plastic or landscape fabric. A cover helps prevent the spread of
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fungus from the soil to your
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plants.tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb% q+ D: H+ T/ t9 n$ m/ {! ]: R* m1 t

" C, Y$ U3 }6 v: @# qTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。Stake or cage plants to keep them % ?1 z/ w4 C& h/ T/ H$ s3 @$ p
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off the ground. Early blight and Septoria leaf spot can survive on stakes and cages. Use only new or disinfected stakes and
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cages. Remove lower leaves for better airflow. As plants mature, remove lower leaves until there is about 8 to 10 inches of tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb5 n% q3 k. E$ g* @4 I/ J+ X3 r: t0 o

% d* R3 v. O% s2 a6 lspace above the soil without any leaves. Do not use
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overhead watering
.
' B" Y/ d- E; z! B3 Q4 f公仔箱論壇Avoid getting leaves and stems wet as much as possible and avoid watering in a way that may splash soil onto your plants.
1 B; J0 ~( @# Vwww.tvboxnow.comConsider using a soaker hose or drip tape. Water in the early part of the day. This allows leaves to dry faster. Wet leaves allow ' r. p+ r+ L# |1 j5 J; `
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fungus to grow and spread. Avoid working with plants when they are wet. Fungus can be spread more easily when leaves are TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。5 I5 u$ ?9 Z& Q  Z! a" ^

& g* I" I7 G5 @8 {tvb now,tvbnow,bttvbwet. Keep your plants happy and healthy. Weak and stressed
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plants
are more susceptible to disease.
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Remove and destroy or throw away diseased leaves, both off the TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。\" [: R8 a& I9 ?- o5 w& _& y$ B
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plants
plant and any that have fallen onto the ground. This may help stop the spread if caught early www.tvboxnow.com  J- r' p0 b. i2 [" L* z- x9 }
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enough. If a plant is heavily infected
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, the entire plant should be removed and destroyed. Do not put infected leaves or plants in a compost pile. Tools used
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to remove diseased leaves should be disinfected before being used on a different plant.
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Spray plants to prevent and control the www.tvboxnow.com4 g: ~/ J& x* H

3 f' G# b+ u% n* _www.tvboxnow.comspread of Early blight and Septoria leaf spot.
Commercial fungicides are available. For organic gardens, try
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GreenCure.
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1 c* f. B* x! @, p1 z% \& f1 K8 E4 uLate Blight on Tomato Plants
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Late blight is another fungus that infects tomato plants. It spreads fast and can quickly kill all tomato 6 E9 y' ~) p* M3 P6 X" O" i

* P6 A' D+ U& R公仔箱論壇plants in a garden. Once a tomato plant
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is infected with late blight, the entire plant should be removed and destroyed. Late blight infections first appear as small,
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4 X! G2 C# M  E' `2 r5 nwater-soaked spots on leaves and stems that grow and turn dark brown or gray. A white downy growth may develop on the underside of infected leaves. Late blighttvb now,tvbnow,bttvb1 t* }$ o0 L4 C+ r\" o0 b/ `2 f$ \2 i

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can infect all parts of a tomato plant, including the fruit. Most of the methods for preventing early blight and 8 z1 w& l7 t( G9 }) z4 U

1 V4 r) `& A& L' x公仔箱論壇Septoria leaf spot infections will also help prevent late blight infections.
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