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乾燥香草(乾燥花)的製作方法

乾燥香草(乾燥花)的製作方法
一般而言,乾燥的方法有「自然乾燥」、「使用乾燥劑」、「添加藥品使之乾燥」這3種方法;在此我們為您介紹「自然乾燥」,這是最天然,同時也是最適合香草植物的乾燥方法。
 

◆ 自然乾燥法 ◆

我們可以將植物倒掛、直接插在容器中或將植物攤開來平放,讓植物自然地乾燥。要適用何種方法,應視香草的種類而定。

倒掛
倒掛是所有自然乾燥法中最簡單的。
只要將植物的莖整理好,用繩子或橡皮筋束起來,然後倒掛起來就可以自然乾燥了。本網站的 「花卉妙用」夾裡,所介紹的十種DIY香草植物-薄荷、迷迭香、百里香、香蜂草、蒔蘿、羅勒、薰衣草、鼠尾草,均可適用這種方法。
 
若是像蒔蘿那種枝葉上有種子的植物,則必需將種子的部分套在有打洞的紙袋中,並將袋口綁好才倒掛起來,這樣可以避免種子散落。
在乾燥過程中,要不時檢查香草的狀況,有些葉片重疊的部分容易轉黑變色要加以摘除;鼠尾草之類肉質較厚的葉片需要長的時間才能完全乾燥,要耐心等待。
 
插在容器中
有些植物可以直接插在容器中自然乾燥,如稻科植物、穀類和果實等,只要直立著插在容器裡,就可以很容易地變成乾燥狀態。例如繡球花或飛燕草等,只要一開始加少量的水,而後直接讓它自然乾燥即可;其他像薰衣草也可以用同樣的方法,在採收後直接漂亮地插在花瓶裡,並放置在通風良好的地方,不久後便會自然乾燥成美麗的乾燥花了。
 
小枝、葉片、花朵等無法成束綁好的部分,就可以用這個方法加以乾燥。若直接擺放在地面上乾燥,恐怕造成日常生活的不便,所以最好能找到開放的箱子、有框的網子或平坦的地方來擺放。一般曬魚乾或晾毛衣用的三段式鋼架也可以拿來活用。
 
沖泡香草茶所使用的乾燥香草,均可用這種方法將葉片、花瓣一片片的攤開來加以乾燥。
羅勒、薄荷、香蜂草的葉片、春黃菊的花也是如此。
此外,蝦夷蔥的花可以連莖一起插在網目較大的簍子裡,然後整個簍子吊起來。至於像朝鮮薊或玉米之類較重的植物,建議找特別堅固的金屬網架吊掛起來加以乾燥,會比較安全。

採收時期
如果要將自己培植的香草採下來加以乾燥,那麼採收的時間點很重要。如果植株還未發育完全之前就採收太多的話,整棵植株會耗弱而衰竭,所以一定要等到植株健壯才開始採收。
 
香草植物在開花之前是香味最為濃郁的時期,所以最好的採收時期就是在花苞已經鼓起,眼看著就要開花之前來採收,這時的精油成分也是最豐潤飽足的。挑個天氣晴朗的早上,將自己親手種植的香草採下,沖洗乾淨後拭去水分,去除受傷和枯萎的葉片,分門別類地加以乾燥。
 
適合乾燥的場所
通風良好、氣溫涼爽、沒有陽光直射的地方,是讓植株自然乾燥最理想的場所。但要注意的是,光線太過明亮容易導致變色,濕氣太高或過於炎熱的氣候也都應該避免,這樣才能讓植物進入完美的乾燥狀態。
 
乾燥後的保存方法
乾燥後的香草植物可用來製作花圈、插花、製作工藝品、或沖泡香草茶,可說是樂趣無窮。但如果不立刻用完,就藥用報紙或乾淨的白紙將花朵連同枝葉一起包妥,放入乾燥劑後收藏在盒子裡,或者將葉片、花、花瓣分開,個別放在密閉罐中好好保存,這樣才能確保品質無虞。
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乾燥可以保存多久
什麼花做乾燥最香
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  • dereklam

thank you very much for your share.......
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  • dereklam

Ingeneral, the dry method, "naturally dried", "use desiccant", "add thedrugs to make it dry and" The three kinds of methods; Here we introduceyou to "natural dry", this is the most natural, but also the mostMethod for drying herbs.

Natural drying We can plant upside down, directly inserted in the container or the plant spread to flat, so that plants naturally dried.

要适用何种方法,应视香草的种类而定。

The methods to be applied should be determined depending on the type of vanilla.

InversionUpside down is all natural drying of the most simple.  

只要将植物的茎整理好,用绳子或橡皮筋束起来,然后倒挂起来就可以自然干燥了。

As long as the plant's stem collated bundle with string or rubber bandstogether, and then hung upside down can be naturally dry.

若是像莳萝那种枝叶上有种子的植物,则必需将种子的部分套在有打洞的纸袋中,并将袋口绑好才倒挂起来,这样可以避免种子散落。

If, like dill leaves have the kind of seed plants, are necessary toseed the part of the set of holes in a paper bag and tied at the topwas hung upside down, so avoid seed scattered.

在干燥过程中,要不时检查香草的状况,有些叶片重迭的部分容易转黑变色要加以摘除;鼠尾草之类肉质较厚的叶片需要长的时间才能完全干燥,要耐心等待。

In the drying process, or else check the status of herbs, some leavesoverlap to some easily be removed to black color; sage like thickfleshy leaves need a long time to completely dry, to be patient.

Inserted in the containerSomeplants can be directly inserted in the container, natural drying, suchas rice plants, grains and fruits and so on, as long as the insert inthe container upright, they can easily become a dry state.

例如绣球花或飞燕草等,只要一开始加少量的水,而后直接让它自然干燥即可;其它像熏衣草也可以用同样的方法,在采收后直接漂亮地插在花瓶里,并放置在通风良好的地方,不久后便会自然干燥成美丽的干燥花了。

For example, hydrangea, or delphinium and so on, as long as the startplus a small amount of water, then you can direct it to dry naturally;other like lavender can also use the same method, directly afterharvest beautifully in a vase, and placed in a well ventilated area,and soon will be dry to dry into a beautiful flower.

   小枝、叶片、花朵等无法成束绑好的部分,就可以用这个方法加以干燥。

Twigs, leaves, flowers and other parts can not tie the bundles, they can be dried using this method.

若直接摆放在地面上干燥,恐怕造成日常生活的不便,所以最好能找到开放的箱子、有框的网子或平坦的地方来摆放。

If directly placed in the ground dry, I am afraid that theinconvenience caused by everyday life, so it is best to find an openbox, with box nets or a flat place to place.

一般晒鱼干或晾毛衣用的三段式钢架也可以拿来活用。

Generally sun dried fish or sweater with a three-stage drying can also be used to utilize steel.

冲泡香草茶所使用的干燥香草,均可用这种方法将叶片、花瓣一片片的摊开来加以干燥。

Used in brewing herbal tea, dried herbs, can use this method leaves, petals spread out a film to be dried.

罗勒、薄荷、香蜂草的叶片、春黄菊的花也是如此。

Basil, mint, melissa leaf, chamomile flowers too.

此外,虾夷葱的花可以连茎一起插在网目较大的篓子里,然后整个篓子吊起来。

In addition, chive flowers along the stem can be inserted with the larger mesh Lou Zili, and then hung up the basket.

至于像朝鲜蓟或玉米之类较重的植物,建议找特别坚固的金属网架吊挂起来加以干燥,会比较安全。

As like artichokes or corn plants like heavier, it is recommended tofind especially robust metal grid hanging up to dry, will be safer.



Harvest TimeIf you want to cultivate their own herbs to be taken down and dry, then harvest time is very important.

如果植株还未发育完全之前就采收太多的话,整棵植株会耗弱而衰竭,所以一定要等到植株健壮才开始采收。

If the plant has not yet fully developed prior to harvest too much,Zheng Ke plant will consume the weak and the failure, so be sure towait until the plants began to harvest robust.  

香草植物在开花之前是香味最为浓郁的时期,所以最好的采收时期就是在花苞已经鼓起,眼看着就要开花之前来采收,这时的精油成分也是最丰润饱足的。

Herbs before flowering, is the most rich period flavor, it is best budshave been harvested during the muster, seeing we must come to harvestbefore flowering, when the oil is the most luxurious ingredients werefull.

挑个天气晴朗的早上,将自己亲手种植的香草采下,冲洗干净后拭去水分,去除受伤和枯萎的叶片,分门别类地加以干燥。

Pick a sunny morning, his hands planted herbs, pick, wipe clean thewater after removing the wounded and withered leaves, drying them underdifferent categories.



Suitable for dry toWell-ventilated, cool temperatures, there is no direct sunlight is to plant the best place to dry.

但要注意的是,光线太过明亮容易导致变色,湿气太高或过于炎热的气候也都应该避免,这样才能让植物进入完美的干燥状态。

But note that the light is too bright and easily lead to discoloration,moisture is too high or too hot weather also should be avoided, thiscan be the perfect plant to enter the dry state.

Save methodDried herbs can be used to make wreaths, flower arrangements, making crafts, or brewed herb tea, can be said that fun.

但如果不立刻用完,就药用报纸或干净的白纸将花朵连同枝叶一起包妥,放入干燥剂后收藏在盒子里,或者将叶片、花、花瓣分开,个别放在密闭罐中好好保存,这样才能确保质量无虞。

But if you do not immediately run out, the medical newspaper or cleanwhite flowers with leaves and branches will wrap together and putdesiccant in the box after the collection, or leaves, flowers, leaves,and individual well on the closed tank preservation, so as to ensurequality without fear.
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